Wild Florida Photo - Medicago polymorpha - Burr clover

Medicago polymorpha

Burr clover

Not native to Florida

Volusia Co. FL 04/25/20
Volusia Co. FL 04/25/20
Volusia Co. FL 04/25/20

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An occasional wildflower of disturbed sites in much of the panhandle and north and central peninsula, plus Miami-Dade County. Also found throughout North America, although absent from most midwest and central-north great plains states. Native to Europe and the Mediterranean region.
This introduced species grows from a taproot and has mostly decumbent to slightly ascending stems that can be up to 5dm (20 in.) long. The alternate leaves are trifoliate and petiolate with deeply toothed stipules. Leaflets are obovate to obcordate and finely toothed. The tiny yellow pea-shaped flowers appear in axilary racemes. The fruit is a coiled legume with hook-tipped bristles that forms a sphere resembling a burr.
This non-native species was planted as a cover crop in vineyards and orchards and as a forage crop for cattle.


Medicago polymorpha is a member of the Fabaceae - Pea family.

Date record last modified: Apr 27, 2020

Paul Rebmann Nature Photography at pixels.com