Wild Florida Photo - Monotropsis reynoldsiae - Pigmypipes

Monotropsis reynoldsiae (A.Gray)A.Heller

Florida Pygmy Pipes

Synonym(s): Monotropsis odorata

Florida native

Endemic to Florida

Endangered Florida species

Volusia Co. FL 11/15/08
Volusia Co. FL 11/15/08
Volusia Co. FL 11/15/08

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A rare plant of mesic hammocks on both coasts of north-central Florida. Recorded in Citrus, Hernando, Pasco, St. Johns and recently(in 2008) Volusia County.
Differentiated from the genus Monotropa by having petals that are united over half their length. They lack chlorophyll and only appear above ground when flowering on fleshy shoots with reduced scale-like leaves.
This family of plants, sometimes listed as a subfamily of the Ericaceae, are myco-heterotropic - utilizing a fungal intermediate to obtain nutrients from photosynthetic plants.
Pygmypipes found in Florida had until only recently been considered the species Monotropsis odorata which ranges through the southeastern United States south of the Mason-Dixon line and west into Kentucky, Tennessee and Alabama. Now all Florida pygmypipes are considered a separate endemic species. Monotropsis reynoldsiae. The species is named in honor of Mary Collins Reynolds(1852-1936) who collected this plant in December 1884. Reynolds lived in St. Augustine and published a number of articles mostly on ferns found in east Florida.


Monotropsis reynoldsiae is a member of the Monotropaceae - Indian Pipe family.

Date record last modified: Feb 29, 2024

Paul Rebmann Nature Photography at pixels.com