Wild Florida Photo - Calydorea caelestina

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Calydorea caelestina

BARTRAM'S IXIA

Florida native

Endemic to Florida

Endangered Florida species

 

This rare perennial wildflower of grassy, wet to mesic flatwoods is found only in northeast Florida.
Appearing grass-like and nondescript when not in bloom, the stem is 20-40 cm (8-16 in.) tall. Basal leaves are few and narrow, shorter than the stem. Cauline leaves are less than 9 cm (3-1/2 in.) long and scattered on the stem. Flowers are blue-violet, up to 6.3 cm (2-1/2 in.) across. Each flower opens only once early in the morning mostly during the spring and early summer, then closes by mid-morning. Bartram's ixia will bloom at other times of the year, especially following a fire. The style body is white, clavate and branching towards the tip, with three purple, flattened, fan shaped stigma lobes. The three conspicuous stamens are yellow with elongated anthers. The fruit is a green capsule 2 cm (0.8 in.) long.
The six tepals are broader and less pointed than the fall-flowering ixia, or celestial lily. Celestial lilies are found south of Bartram's ixia, in the east-central peninsula and they bloom in the afternoon in late summer or fall.

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Calydorea caelestina is a member of the Iridaceae - Iris family.
 

Travels of William Bartram

  William Bartram
 Travels Through North & South Carolina, Georgia, East & West Florida, the Cherokee Country, the Extensive Territories of the Muscogulges, or Creek Confederacy, and the Country of the Chactaws...

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Travels of William Bartram
First inexpensive, illustrated edition of early classic on American geography, plants, Indians, wildlife & early settlers. The naturalist's poetic, lovely account of travels through Florida, Georgia, and the Carolinas from 1773 to 1778. Bartram's words Influenced Coleridge, Wordsworth & Chateaubriand.


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